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Births, Deaths, and Events for 1 December

About This Day

     This is day 336 of the year 2020.
     There are 30 days left to 2020.

Thought For The Day

     "No one is so happy or sad as he imagines."



1671   Francesco Stradivari - Italian violin maker/son of Antonius
1726   Oliver Wolcott - US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)
1844   Alexandra - Danish princess/Queen of Great Britain/Ireland
1886   Rex Stout - mystery writer (Nero Wolf)
1912   Minoru Yamasaki - architect (World Trade Center, New York)
1913   Mary Martin - Weatherford, TX, actress (Peter Pan) Larry Hagman's mom
1929   David Doyle - actor (Charlie's Angels, Pursuit of Happiness)
1935   Woody Allen [Allen Stuart Konigsberg] Brooklyn (Zelig - Annie Hall)
1935   Lou Rawls - Chicago IL, vocalist (Dean Martin's Golddigers, Natural Man)
1940   Richard Pryor - Illinois, comedian/actor (Lady Sings the Blues, Stir Crazy)
1943   Nicholas Peter Negroponte - New York NY, founder/director (Media Lab at MIT)
1944   John Densmore - Los Angeles CA, drummer (Doors-Light My Fire)
1945   Bette Midler - Aiea, HI, singer (Wind Beneath My Wings, Do You Want to Dance?)/actress (Beaches, First Wives Club)
1946   Gilbert O'Sullivan - Ireland, singer (Alone Again Naturally)
1949   Pablo Escobar Gaviria - Colombian drug baron
1950   Richard Keith - Lafayette, LA, actor (Little Ricky-I Love Lucy)
1951   Alexander Panayotov Aleksandrov - Bulgaria, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-5)
1951   Eric Bloom - rock vocalist/guitarist (Blue Oyster Cult)
1951   Jaco Pastorius - US jazz guitarist (Weather Report-Word of Mouth)
1951   Treat Williams - Rowayton, CT, actor (Flashpoint, Hair)
1958   Charlene Tilton - San Diego, CA, actress (Lucy Ewing-Dallas)
1961   Jeremy Northam - Cambridge, UK, actor (Gosford Park, An Ideal Husband)



1135   Henry I Beauclerc - king of England (1st king that could read), dies
1842   Philip Spencer - 1st US naval officer condemned for mutiny, hanged
1934   Sergei M Kirov - Josef Stalin's collaborator, assassinated in Leningrad
1947   Aleister Edward S Crowley - British occultist, dies at 72
1973   David Ben-Gurion - founding father of Israel, dies in Tel Aviv at 87



   National Pie Day and Eat A Red Apple Day
1804   Emperor Napoleon marries Joséphine of Martinique
1821   Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic) proclaims independence from Spain
1831   Erie Canal closes for entire month due to cold weather
1835   Hans Christian Andersen published his 1st book of fairy tales
1843   1st chartered mutual life insurance company opens
1878   1st White House telephone installed
1887   Sherlock Holmes 1st appears in print: "A Study In Scarlet"
1903   "The Great Train Robbery", the 1st Western film, released
1906   Cinema Omnia Pathe, world's 1st cinema, opens (Paris)
1909   1st Christmas Club payment made, to Carlisle Trust Company, Pennsylvania
1909   1st Israeli kibbutz founded, Deganya Alef
1913   Continuous moving assembly line introduced by Ford (car every 2:38)
1913   1st drive-up gasoline station opens (Pittsburgh)
1917   Boys Town founded by Father Edward Flanagan, west of Omaha NE
1922   1st skywriting over US-"Hello USA"-by Captain Turner, RAF
1929   Game of BINGO invented by Edwin S. Lowe
1930   Ruth Nichols becomes 1st woman pilot to cross the continent
1933   Rudolf Hess & Earnest Röhm become ministers in Hitler government
1936   Bell Labs tests coaxial cable for TV use
1939   SS-Führer Himmler begins deportation of Polish Jews
1941   US Civil Air Patrol (CAP) organizes
1941   British cruiser Devonshire sinks German sub Python
1941   Japanese emperor Hirohito signs declaration of war
1942   Gasoline rationed in US
1943   FDR, Churchill & Stalin agree to Operation Overlord (D-Day)
1948   Piet Roozenburg becomes world champion checker player
1948   Arabic Congress names Abdullah of Trans Jordan, King of Palestine
1951   Golden Gate Bridge closes due to high winds
1954   Nationalist China & US sign dike agreement
1955   Rosa Parks (black) arrested for refusing to move to the back of the bus
1959   12 nations sign a treaty for scientific peaceful use of Antarctica
1959   The 1st color photograph of Earth received from outer space
1964   Martin Luther King speaks to J. Edgar Hoover about his slander campaign
1965   Airlift of refugees from Cuba to US began
1969   US government holds its 1st draft lottery since WWII
1974   Los Angeles Skid Row slasher kills first of 8
1974   Boeing 727 crashes in Upperville, VA, 92 die
1975   US President Gerald Ford visits China People's Republic
1976   Sex Pistols using profanity on TV, gets them branded as "rotten punks"
1978   President Carter more than doubles national park system size
1981   Yugoslavic DC-9 crashes into mountain at Corsica, 174 killed
1987   Digging begins to link England & France under the English Channel
1988   596 dead after cyclone hits Bangladesh, half a million homeless
1988   Benazir Bhutto named 1st female PM of a Moslem country (Pakistan)
1990   British & French workers meet in English Channel's tunnel (Chunnel)
1990   Iraq accepts Bush's offer for talks
1991   AIDS awareness day
1991   US 75th manned space mission "STS 44" Atlantis 10 lands
1992   2 C-141B Starlifters collide in Montana & crash, 13 die
1992   Amy Fisher sentenced 5-15 years for shooting Mary Jo Buttafuoco
1993   Northwest Airlink plane crashes in Minnesota, killing 18
1994   PTL leader Jim Bakker released from jail
1997   Westinghouse formally changes its name to CBS



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